Changing the way we look at the world
Paradigm Shifts of the past

 
There have been many paradigm shifts as humans tried to understand the universe, including:
  • Geocentrism to Heliocentrism  
  • Catastrophism to Gradualism.  
  • Creation to Evolution
  • Faith in God to faith in science  
 
 
Geocentrism to Heliocentrism

In 1610 Galileo pointed his telescope at Jupiter and observed the orbits of four of its moons. He was convinced that if there was a force (which we now call gravity) that could keep the moons of Jupiter in their orbits then the same force could keep the Earth’s moon going around it as the Earth moved around the Sun. His observations showed that those that believed the Earth orbits the Sun along with the other planets were right. The geocentrists, who believed the that the Sun and all the planets orbited the Earth were wrong. On the basis of his scientific observations Galileo became a heliocentrist.  
However the consequences of this paradigm shift was even further reaching not so much because of the change that occurred but why it occurred and who opposed it. 
The Church opposed this scientific change not because it had a biblical position but because it defended an Aristotelian system of science that stated that the Earth was the centre of the universe. Galileo and others believed that science was a higher authority than the church’s. As a consequence the authority of the Bible was undermined.  

Catastrophism to Gradualism

During the 17th and 18th centuries the dominant geological paradigm was catastrophism. The catastrophists, like Cuvier, believed that the geological features of the Earth were the result of many catastrophic events, one of which was the worldwide flood in the days of Noah. 
However, by the end of the 18th century people were starting to propose new ideas. Hutton and Lyell were two leaders of this paradigm shift. They proposed that the geological features had not been formed quickly as the result of a series of catastrophes. Their new paradigm was one of gradual change. They argued that geological features were the result of processes that are occurring all the time. The gradual processes of erosion and deposition could if given enough time produce the many layers of sedimentary rock that the catastrophists said were formed quickly. The gradualists explained away the global flood of Noah that we read about in the Bible and other ancient writings. 

Creation to Evolution

The 19th century was one in which peoples confidence in the Bible was undermined. The paradigm shift in geology meant many people believed the Earth was millions of years old. The way was open for a Darwinian explanation of biological origins. The theories of evolution that where popular during the early 19th century required a lot of time. The gradualists geologists gave evolutionary theorists the time they needed. Darwin provided the mechanism for the origin of species. Natural selection could if given enough time produce all the modern species of plant and animal. There was no need for God to create each kind of animal. 

Faith in God to faith in science

These and many other paradigm shifts have marginalised and finally eliminated God. People today have faith in science. The technological achievements brought about by modern science have demonstrated its power to provide answers. Faith is under attack and the Bible is undermined. Even prominent figures in the church argue for evolutionary interpretations of the scriptures. We are ceaselessly bombarded with the "fact" that the universe, the world and all that is in it is the result of purposeless processes. The media and state education are part of the system that has been used to promote atheistic science to blind people to the fact that God made everything. God no longer serves any purpose and the scientists of today have declared him to be dead.

Even so the Bible still speaks today and tells us that:

God’s invisible qualities - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made.
Check this video about feathered fossils